The Past on Trial (1992)

Russia one year later Richard Pipes «The Washington Post»  (16 August 1992) IN THE MORNING hours of July 7, 1992 an unusual spectacle unfolded in the center of Moscow, off Staraya Ploshchad, where until recently the all-powerful Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) had had its headquarters: In a small … Continue reading The Past on Trial (1992)

31 October 1975* (2743-A) KGB Warnings

KGB report. The results of preventative and prophylactic work by the KGB since 1959, reducing the need for imprisonment, even for the most serious crimes. Statistical information for 1959-1974 on p. 2. [R 31 October 1975, Volkogonov] total 2 pp. ============================================================= [page one of two] Top Secret Special Folder Committee for State Security [KGB] at … Continue reading 31 October 1975* (2743-A) KGB Warnings

20 January 1977* (123-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB report. Measures to halt the anti-Soviet activities of the “Helsinki Watch Committee in the USSR": Yury ORLOV, Alexander GINZBURG, N.D. RUDENKO, Tomas VENCLOVA. Includes Secretariat Resolution, St 1/15 (25 January 1977), p. 1. [R 20 January 1977, St 1-15] Total 6 pp. =============================================================== Top Secret Special File Proposal to the Central Committee of the … Continue reading 20 January 1977* (123-A) Helsinki Groups

18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

Instructions to Anatoly DOBRYNIN, Soviet ambassador to the USA, concerning a discussion with Secretary of State Cyrus VANCE about human rights. [R 18 February 1977, Pb 46-X] total 7 pp (excerpt). ================================== Proletariats of the World unite! COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION. THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE Top Secret No P46/X To: comrades Brezhnev, Podgomy, Kosygin, … Continue reading 18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

16 December 1980* (St 241/108) Kalevi Sorsa

Secretariat Resolution. Ambassador to visit Kalevi SORSA, chairman of Finnish Social Democratic Party and "confidential contact", and congratulate him on his 50th birthday. Includes message to ambassador and preceding note (11 December 1980, 18‑S‑21) from CHERNYAEV, p. 3. [R 16 Dec 80,  St 241-108] total 8 pp. ================================================================== [page one of eight] Workers of all … Continue reading 16 December 1980* (St 241/108) Kalevi Sorsa

Support the Nicaraguan Resistance (1985)

New York Times, 18 April 1985 (display advertisement) An Urgent Message from Europeans to Congress: Support the Nicaraguan Resistance Democracy itself is at stake in Nicaragua. After four years of dictatorship, the FSLN, the totalitarian ruling party, has not succeeded in breaking the resistance of the Nicaraguan people. After the relative liberalization represented by the … Continue reading Support the Nicaraguan Resistance (1985)

Chernyaev diary (3 January 1976)

A brief passage from Anatoly CHERNYAEV's unpublished "Diary", in which he responds to a report to the Central Committee by ANDROPOV (29 December 1975*, 3213-A) about the statements of foreign communist parties concerning "political prisoners" in the USSR (NSA, document and translation). ==================================== 3 January 1976 From interesting things at the Central Committee, in the … Continue reading Chernyaev diary (3 January 1976)

22 June 1978* (Pb) Shcharansky

Yury Andropov briefs Politburo on forthcoming trial of Anatoly SHCHARANSKY, arrested in mid-March the previous year. (MHG 30th anniversary) total 2 pp. ======================================= V-118 Top secret The only copy Working paper SESSION OF THE POLITBURO OF THE CC CPSU June 22, 1978 Chaired by Comrade Brezhnev, L.I. In attendance: Comrades Andropov, U.V.; Grishin, V.V.; Gromyko, … Continue reading 22 June 1978* (Pb) Shcharansky

5 January 1977* (22-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB memorandum. Measures to stop the proliferation of anti-Soviet activities by the "Helsinki Watch Committee in USSR", and its sub-committees set up in Ukraine and Lithuania. [R 5 January 1977, 22-A] total 2 pp. ================================================= Top Secret CC CPSU About measures to end the hostile activity Of members of the so-called “Group For Assistance in … Continue reading 5 January 1977* (22-A) Helsinki Groups

15 November 1976* (2577-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB report. About the anti-Soviet activities of the so-called Helsinki Groups in USSR, and measures to counter their activities. [R 15 November 1976, 2577-A] total 3 pp. ============================================ [page one of three] Secret USSR COMMITTEE For State Security At the USSR Council of Ministers 15 November 1976 No. 2577-A Moscow To CPSU Central Committee About … Continue reading 15 November 1976* (2577-A) Helsinki Groups

Punitive Psychiatry (1977)

Foreword to Bloch and Reddaway, Russia’s political hospitals (1977) The peculiar features of the Soviet political system, the Communist ideology, the uncertainties and difficulties of the science of psychiatry, the labyrinths of the human conscience – all these have weirdly woven themselves together to create a monstrous phenomenon, the use of medicine against man. Paradoxical … Continue reading Punitive Psychiatry (1977)

6 February 1990* (St 10/1) Soviet Red Cross

Secretariat. Subsidies from the Soviet Red Cross for Moscow-based correspondents of Party and "fraternal" newspapers in capitalist and developing countries  (4 pp). [R 6 Nov 90, St 10-1] total 4 pp (excerpt). ======================================================== The “living expenses” of Moscow-based correspondents for these fraternal publications also formed part of the bill. From the late 1950s, to disguise … Continue reading 6 February 1990* (St 10/1) Soviet Red Cross

31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

Dealing with “Anti-Soviet Elements”. Politburo accepts NKVD request to increase quotas for 1st category arrests (executions) and 2nd category arrests in 22 Republics and Regions across the USSR. [R 31 January 1938, Pb 57-48] total 2 pp. ============================================================ [page one of two] Return within 24 hours to the Central Committee Special Sector STRICTLY SECRET (From Special … Continue reading 31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

29 December 1980* (Pb 230/34) International Fund

Politburo decision. Financial assistance in 1981 (US $) to Communist Parties and movements (USA, 2 million; France, 2 million; Finland, 1.4 million; Portugal, 700,000), in total 57 recipients. [R 1980, 29 December] total 5 pp. =================================================================== [page one of three] Workers of all Lands, Unite! [Text in top left hand corner of page] Must be … Continue reading 29 December 1980* (Pb 230/34) International Fund

31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

Stalin’s written permission for the Krasnoyarsk Region (Siberia) to carry out several thousand additional “1st category arrests” (executions). The instruction was written in pencil on a small, plain slip of paper.  [R 31 December 1938] ============================================================= Permit Krasnoyarsk Region 6,600 additional ‘1st category’ arrests. For Stalin, I.V. ============================================================= NOTES General 1. Notes and additions by … Continue reading 31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

6 January 1981* (St 244/11) Peace Forum

Secretariat. About participation of Soviet delegation in the International Youth Peace Forum in Helsinki; file includes 2 February report on the results. [R 6 January 1981, St 244-11] total 18 pp (excerpts). ======================================================================== [pages nine to eleven, request from B. Pastukhov, Secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee] Workers of all Lands, Unite! All-Union Leninist Communist … Continue reading 6 January 1981* (St 244/11) Peace Forum

26 December 1980* (St 243/57) Denmark

Secretariat. Letter to chairman of Danish Social Democratic Party about the arrest of refusenik Victor BRAILOVSKY, explaining his “criminal activities” (3 pp). [R 26 December 1980, St 243-57] ============================================================== [Text from a different document, presumably International Department to Central Committee] The chairman of the Danish Social Democratic Party, Prime Minister A[nker] Jorgensen has sent a … Continue reading 26 December 1980* (St 243/57) Denmark