The Soviet Union and Afghanistan (CWIHP)

Documents from the Bulletins of the the Cold War International History (CWIHP) Project Compiled and republished November 2001 (79 pp.) http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/e-dossier_4.pdf * BULLETIN 3 (Fall 1993) Soviet Policy in Afghanistan, 1979: A Grim Assessment 12 April 1979 -- Politburo, excerpt 149 from minutes, including 1 April 1979 report by A. Gromyko, Yu. Andropov, D. Ustinov … Continue reading The Soviet Union and Afghanistan (CWIHP)

18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

Instructions to Anatoly DOBRYNIN, Soviet ambassador to the USA, concerning a discussion with Secretary of State Cyrus VANCE about human rights. [R 18 February 1977, Pb 46-X] total 7 pp (excerpt). ================================== Proletariats of the World unite! COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION. THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE Top Secret No P46/X To: comrades Brezhnev, Podgomy, Kosygin, … Continue reading 18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

31 December 1975** (3240-A) Vietnam

KGB report. Shipments to the USSR of American weapons captured in Vietnam. [R 31 December 1975, 3240-A] =========================================================== [page one of one] Translated by YBZ, Feb 2011 [Translator's notes are in brackets; handwritten text is italic in red, dates are DD-MM-YYYY] [Header] On obtaining from the DRV of the captured American weapons [Unclear handwriting over … Continue reading 31 December 1975** (3240-A) Vietnam

5 September 1980** (St 227/39) US Communist Party

Secretariat. A request from Comrade Gus Hall, General Secretary, Communist Party of the USA (CPUSA). “Special training” for Hall’s personal representative (3 pp).  [R 5 September 1980, St 227-39] ========================================================== [Translator's notes are bracketed] #CT 227/39ge, of 11.05.80                   SPECIAL FOLDER TOP SECRET RESOLUTION Of the Secretariat of the CC of the Communist Party of the … Continue reading 5 September 1980** (St 227/39) US Communist Party

5 December 1980** (St 240/43) Cuba, Grenada

Secretariat. Requests from Cuba and Grenada to enable radio transmissions to the USA (17 pp).  [R 5 December 1980, St 240-43] =========================================================== English Translation by Marta Olynyk, December 2010 [Translator's notes are bracketed] Proletarians of the world, unite! COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION. CENTRAL COMMITTEE TOP SECRET No. St-240/43gs Dated 5/XII/1980 Extract from Report … Continue reading 5 December 1980** (St 240/43) Cuba, Grenada

15 August 1956** (St 19/2) “Amerika” magazine

Secretariat. Draft letter to Party organizations throughout the USSR concerning  distribution in the Soviet Union of the Russian-language magazine Amerika produced by the US State Department (6 pp). [R 15 August 1956, St 19/2] ========================================================== [page one of six] 19/2 15 August 1956 Draft of Letter to Party Organizations concerning the Dissemination of the Magazine … Continue reading 15 August 1956** (St 19/2) “Amerika” magazine

9 September 1966** [Secretariat] Anti-Soviet Propaganda

Secretariat. About increased anti-Soviet propaganda in USA and Latin America (9 pp). [R 9 September 1966] ============================================================ Workers of all countries, unite! CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION Top Secret [Reg. No. illegible] Excerpt from the Minutes of ... (illegible) Meeting of the Secretariat of the CC CPSU... (illegible) ON MEASURES … Continue reading 9 September 1966** [Secretariat] Anti-Soviet Propaganda

8 August 1966** [Information Dept] “Foreign Affairs” review

About review in Foreign Affairs (USA) of the 5-volume New directions in the Soviet economy produced by US Congress, and necessary response (8 pp). [R 8 August 1966] ========================================================== [Translator’s note: questionable points are marked in red; there are also bracketed comments/explanations] For your eyes only [top secret! ATTENTION: CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE CPSU [Illegible … Continue reading 8 August 1966** [Information Dept] “Foreign Affairs” review

21 July 1990** (No 0747) Cuba

Politburo. Suppression of American broadcasts to Cuba – request for equipment to hamper and block the transmissions (2 pp). [R 21 Jul 90, No 0747] =========================================================== Translated by Valeri Kalabugin, July 2010 [Translator's notes are bracketed] 5. 1. 5-9 [in handwriting] Confidential          [a note in handwriting:] 43 Copy No. 1 [Typed and handwritten text, ][...] … Continue reading 21 July 1990** (No 0747) Cuba

5 January 1982** (St 44/7) US Communist Party

Secretariat. A request from the CP USA leadership for part of the debt incurred in distributing Soviet books to be written off. [R 5 January 1982 – St 44-7] ========================================================= [page one of one] Workers of the world, unite! Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Central Committee TOP SECRET No. St-44/7s Extract from the Minutes … Continue reading 5 January 1982** (St 44/7) US Communist Party

14 July 1983** [International Dept] Jewish emigration

[3.3; 9.1] – Letter from US congressmen (376 signatures) concerning emigration of 2,000 Soviet Jews and response outlined by International Department (20 pp). [R 14 July 1983] --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- English translation by Marta D. Olynyk, December 2010 [Translator's notes are bracketed, handwritten text is italic] [handwritten numeral "109" at the top of the document] Endorsed by … Continue reading 14 July 1983** [International Dept] Jewish emigration

24 March 1977* (Pb 50/71) anti-Soviet campaign

Politburo. Measures to "stop activities of the US special services in the anti-Soviet campaign" about human rights (4 pp). [R 24 March 1977, Pb 50-71] ======================================================== [page two of four] [...] According to information received, this operation has prompted a serious reaction in the USA and other Western countries. Reports in American newspapers, on radio and … Continue reading 24 March 1977* (Pb 50/71) anti-Soviet campaign

1 November 1979* (Pb 172/113) Olympic Games

Politburo decision based on KGB advice. Response to US Department of Justice concerning potential terrorism and drug distribution during the summer Olympic Games in Moscow – rejection of offer to cooperate (4 pp). [R 1 November 1979, Pb 172-113] Excerpt =================================== [page two of four] In a conversation with the Soviet ambassador to the USA about … Continue reading 1 November 1979* (Pb 172/113) Olympic Games

25 April 1979* (819-A) Olympic Games

KGB report. Anti-Soviet activities with regard to the 1980 Olympic Games. [R 25 April 1979, 819-A] total 4 pp. (excerpts) ================================== [page three] [...] The enemy’s intelligence agencies and foreign anti-Soviet centres are trying, as previously, to use various insinuations about ‘the violation of human rights in the USSR’ to discredit the 22nd Olympic Games … Continue reading 25 April 1979* (819-A) Olympic Games

21 March 1990** (No 318/2/0354) Military assistance

Ministry of Defence to Central Committee. Assistance to restore aviation and communication in Afghanistan (2 pp). [R 221 Mar 90, No 318-2-0354] total 2 pp. ========================================================== Translated by George Sklyar [Logo in the left margin: Soviet national emblem with this inscription beneath:] FIRST DEPUTY MINISTER OF DEFENSE OF THE USSR [Stamped in the right margin] … Continue reading 21 March 1990** (No 318/2/0354) Military assistance

25 October 1957* (St 52/128) Wilfred Burchett

Central Committee approves July 1957 KGB request for one-off grant (20,000 roubles) and awards 3,000 rouble monthly allowance to WILFRED BURCHETT, Moscow correspondent of the National Guardian (USA) newspaper [R 25 Oct 57, 5 pp] total 5 pp. Also contains text of KGB request (17 July 1957, 1379-S), pp. 3-5. ============================================================== [page one of five] … Continue reading 25 October 1957* (St 52/128) Wilfred Burchett

24 July 1973* (St 88/1) Brezhnev

Secretariat. Propaganda tasks in the light of BREZHNEV’s recent visit to USA. [R 24 July 1973 – St 88-1] total 36 pp. (excerpts) ========================================================== [page one of thirty six] Workers of all lands, unite! CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION [Text along left-hand margin] Return within 15 days of receipt to … Continue reading 24 July 1973* (St 88/1) Brezhnev

10 March 1983* (Pb §6) Afghanistan withdrawal

Politburo meeting. ANDROPOV chairs discussion about the situation in Afghanistan and a possible Soviet withdrawal. [R 10 April 1983, Politburo, para 1] total 4 pp. ======================================================= [page one of four] Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 18 January 1983 chaired by Comrade Yu.V. ANDROPOV Comrades in attendance: G.A.Aliev, M.S. Gorbachev, A.A.Gromyko, … Continue reading 10 March 1983* (Pb §6) Afghanistan withdrawal

22 October 1986 * (Pb §1) Soviet diplomats

Politburo meeting. Expulsion of Soviet diplomats from the USA and planned Soviet retaliation. [R 22 oct 86, Pb] ============================================================= [page one of five] Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 22 October 1986 In the chair Comrade M.S. GORBACHEV In attendance: Comrades G.A. Aliyev, A.A.Gromyko, L.N. Zaikov, Ye.K. Ligachev, N.I. Ryzhkov, M.S. … Continue reading 22 October 1986 * (Pb §1) Soviet diplomats

14 January 1982* (Pb §2-3) Economic assistance

Politburo meeting. Poland's continuing problems; requests for economic assistance. [R 14 January 1982, Politburo, para 2] total 5 pp. =========================================================== [page one of five] Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 14 January 1982 chaired by Comrade L.I. BREZHNEV Comrades in attendance: Yu.V. Andropov, M.S. Gorbachev, V.V. Grishin, A.A.Gromyko, A.P. Kirilenko, A.L. … Continue reading 14 January 1982* (Pb §2-3) Economic assistance

10 December 1981* (Pb §2) Poland

Politburo meeting, three days before the introduction of martial law in Poland. [R 10 December 1981, Politburo, para 1] total 11 pp. (excerpts) [1] ========================================================== [page one of eleven] Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 10 December 1981 chaired by Comrade L.I. BREZHNEV Comrades in attendance: Yu.V. Andropov, V.V. Grishin, A.A.Gromyko, … Continue reading 10 December 1981* (Pb §2) Poland