1 January 1991** (St 4-5) Political immigrants

Secretariat. Political immigration to the USSR (undated and unsigned memo to the Central Committee). As of 1 January 1990 6,643 political immigrants were living in the Soviet Union. [R 1 Jan 91, St 4-5]


[page one of one]

English Translation by George Sklyar [Translator’s notes are bracketed, red font indicates unclear text]

For your eyes only

Supplement #1 to Clause 5, Protocol #4


Re: Political Emigration in the USSR

Resolutions of the 28th Congress of the CPSU, new legislative acts adopted by congresses of people’s deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the commitments undertaken by the Soviet Union in the sphere of international law, and the stepping up of the democratic process in the public and political life of this country have revealed a complex of questions relating to political emigration [i.e., the emigre community] in the USSR. The making of a state ruled by law [also known as the Rechtsstaat or constitutional state] requires… consider the existing practice of the granting of political asylum to foreign nationals, rules and conditions of such emigres’ stay in our country, and of their repatriation.

As of Jan. 1, 1990, there are 6,643 emigres and members of their families with this status in the USSR. They are reside in all Union republics, with most in Azerbaijan (9 percent), Uzbekistan (23 percent), RSFSR (13 percent). Ethnically, they are Iranian (60%), Greek (21%), and Spanish (11%). The remaining eight percent is made up of Chileans, Indonesians, Yugoslavs, etc.

A number of persons who identify themselves as emigres are not ones. Thus, persecution of emigres has stopped in Spain and Greece, so these individuals can no longer be legally considered as retaining this status. However, in response to requests from the leadership of fraternal parties, they — even those who regularly make trips abroad — continue to enjoy this status.