The Past on Trial (1992)

Russia one year later Richard Pipes «The Washington Post»  (16 August 1992) IN THE MORNING hours of July 7, 1992 an unusual spectacle unfolded in the center of Moscow, off Staraya Ploshchad, where until recently the all-powerful Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) had had its headquarters: In a small … Continue reading The Past on Trial (1992)

31 October 1975* (2743-A) KGB Warnings

KGB report. The results of preventative and prophylactic work by the KGB since 1959, reducing the need for imprisonment, even for the most serious crimes. Statistical information for 1959-1974 on p. 2. [R 31 October 1975, Volkogonov] total 2 pp. ============================================================= [page one of two] Top Secret Special Folder Committee for State Security [KGB] at … Continue reading 31 October 1975* (2743-A) KGB Warnings

20 January 1977* (123-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB report. Measures to halt the anti-Soviet activities of the “Helsinki Watch Committee in the USSR": Yury ORLOV, Alexander GINZBURG, N.D. RUDENKO, Tomas VENCLOVA. Includes Secretariat Resolution, St 1/15 (25 January 1977), p. 1. [R 20 January 1977, St 1-15] Total 6 pp. =============================================================== Top Secret Special File Proposal to the Central Committee of the … Continue reading 20 January 1977* (123-A) Helsinki Groups

16 December 1980* (St 241/108) Kalevi Sorsa

Secretariat Resolution. Ambassador to visit Kalevi SORSA, chairman of Finnish Social Democratic Party and "confidential contact", and congratulate him on his 50th birthday. Includes message to ambassador and preceding note (11 December 1980, 18‑S‑21) from CHERNYAEV, p. 3. [R 16 Dec 80,  St 241-108] total 8 pp. ================================================================== [page one of eight] Workers of all … Continue reading 16 December 1980* (St 241/108) Kalevi Sorsa

31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

Dealing with “Anti-Soviet Elements”. Politburo accepts NKVD request to increase quotas for 1st category arrests (executions) and 2nd category arrests in 22 Republics and Regions across the USSR. [R 31 January 1938, Pb 57-48] total 2 pp. ============================================================ [page one of two] Return within 24 hours to the Central Committee Special Sector STRICTLY SECRET (From Special … Continue reading 31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

29 December 1980* (Pb 230/34) International Fund

Politburo decision. Financial assistance in 1981 (US $) to Communist Parties and movements (USA, 2 million; France, 2 million; Finland, 1.4 million; Portugal, 700,000), in total 57 recipients. [R 1980, 29 December] total 5 pp. =================================================================== [page one of three] Workers of all Lands, Unite! [Text in top left hand corner of page] Must be … Continue reading 29 December 1980* (Pb 230/34) International Fund

26 December 1980* (St 243/57) Denmark

Secretariat. Letter to chairman of Danish Social Democratic Party about the arrest of refusenik Victor BRAILOVSKY, explaining his “criminal activities” (3 pp). [R 26 December 1980, St 243-57] ============================================================== [Text from a different document, presumably International Department to Central Committee] The chairman of the Danish Social Democratic Party, Prime Minister A[nker] Jorgensen has sent a … Continue reading 26 December 1980* (St 243/57) Denmark

9 December 1986* (2407-Ch) Sakharov and Bonner

Secretariat. Measures relating to Andrei SAKHAROV; annulment of decree for Sakharov’s exile and pardon for his wife Elena BONNER (8 pp).  [R 9 Dec 86, 2407-Ch] ============================================================== [pages one to four] Secret 9 December 1986 To the CPSU Central Committee Concerning suggestions about A.D. Sakharov [...] The decision that it was necessary to halt Sakharov’s … Continue reading 9 December 1986* (2407-Ch) Sakharov and Bonner

15 December 1976* (Pb 38/46) Corvalan

Politburo. Decision on exchange of CORVALAN for BUKOVSKY. Contains three other documents: instructions to Soviet ambassadors in Bern and Washington (A. Dobrynin); and jointly signed submission (p. 6) by Andropov, Gromyko and Ponomarev (14 December 1976, 2816-A) about the timing and logistics of the exchange (total 6 pp). [R 15 December 1976, Pb 38-46] Excerpt. … Continue reading 15 December 1976* (Pb 38/46) Corvalan

5 January 1966* (St 132/11) Sinyavsky-Daniel

Secretariat. Preparations for the trial of Andrei SINYAVSKY and Yuly DANIEL. Includes joint memorandum from KGB chairman and Procurator-General (23 December 1965, 2843-S), pp 2-7, and February 1966 report on outcome of trial, pp 8-9. [R 5 January 1966, St 132-11] total 9 pp. =========================================================== [page one of nine] Workers of all Lands, Unite! COMMUNIST … Continue reading 5 January 1966* (St 132/11) Sinyavsky-Daniel

24 July 1973* (St 88/1) Brezhnev

Secretariat. Propaganda tasks in the light of BREZHNEV’s recent visit to USA. [R 24 July 1973 – St 88-1] total 36 pp. (excerpts) ========================================================== [page one of thirty six] Workers of all lands, unite! CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION [Text along left-hand margin] Return within 15 days of receipt to … Continue reading 24 July 1973* (St 88/1) Brezhnev

20 August 1980* (St 225/5) El Salvador

Secretariat Resolution. Send the El Salvador Communist Party in September-October 1980 an air shipment, from Hanoi to Havana, of 60-80 tons of Western-made small arms and ammunition. [R 20 August 1980, St 225-5] total 5 pp. ============================================================ [page one of five] No St 225/5, 20 August 1980 Top Secret SPECIAL FILE RESOLUTION of the Secretariat … Continue reading 20 August 1980* (St 225/5) El Salvador

23 January 1991* (Pb 223) demonstration

Moscow Party Committee to CPSU Central Committee. Report on a vast anti-Gorbachev demonstration in the centre of the Soviet capital following the January events in Lithuania. [R 20 January 1991, Pb 223] =========================================================== [page one of two] Return to the Protocol sector of the CPSU Central Committee General Department [vertical text on left margin - … Continue reading 23 January 1991* (Pb 223) demonstration

11 June 1979* (St 162/67) Price rises

Secretariat. Warning to First Secretaries of Party in Republics and Regions about price rises (from 18% to 95%) for cars, furs, gold, carpets, etc as of 1 July 1979 (8 pp). [R 11 June 1979, St 162-67] Excerpt. ======================================================== [page two] Top Secret TO THE FIRST SECRETARIES OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEES OF UNION … Continue reading 11 June 1979* (St 162/67) Price rises

30 December 1980* (St 243/8) North Caucasus

Secretariat. Memo from ANDROPOV about anti-Russian feeling and actions in Karachaevo-Cherkessk Autonomous Region, North Caucasus (7 pp). [R 30 Dec 80, 7 pp] Excerpt. ========================================================== [page one of seven] No St 243/8, 30 December 1980 Top Secret SPECIAL FILE RESOLUTION of the Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee Memorandum from USSR Committee for State Security … Continue reading 30 December 1980* (St 243/8) North Caucasus

5 November 1969* (2792-A) Alliluyeva

KGB memorandum to Central Committee. Tactics for discrediting the author and contents of Only One Year, a new book by Stalin’s daughter Svetlana ALLILUYEVA (4 pp). [R 5 November 1969, 2792-A] Excerpt. ============================================================== [page two of four - page one contains only two written words] Special File Top Secret USSR Committee for State Security [KGB] … Continue reading 5 November 1969* (2792-A) Alliluyeva

14 November 1989* (2292-K/ov) Miners

KGB memo (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee (Gorbachev). SAKHAROV's influence on the striking miners in Vorkuta. [R 14 Nov 89, 2292-K-OV] =========================================================== [page one of two] Special Importance Copy No 2 14 November 1989, No 2292-K/ov To the CPSU Central Committee Attention: Comrade M.S. Gorbachev Concerning the influence of A.D. Sakharov on the strike movement in … Continue reading 14 November 1989* (2292-K/ov) Miners

26 June 1986* (Pb) Writers

Politburo meeting. Alexander YAKOVLEV reports on the Congress of the Writers' Union. Discussion of ways to manage changes in the union's bureaucracy [R 26 Jun 86, Pb], 5 pp. =========================================================== [page one of five] Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 26 June 1986 In the chair Comrade M.S. GORBACHEV In attendance: … Continue reading 26 June 1986* (Pb) Writers

12 May 1977* (958-A) Rostropovich

KGB to Politburo: proposal that Soviet bloc boycott International Rostropovich competition in Paris. Draft CPSU decree attached (2 pp). [R 12 May 1977, 958-A] ========================================================== [page one of two] SECRET 12 May 1977 No.958-A To the CPSU Central Committee The international Rostropovich competition for young cellists According to information received, the Association of International Gatherings … Continue reading 12 May 1977* (958-A) Rostropovich

7 January 1974* (Pb) Solzhenitsyn

Politburo meeting. Discussion concerning what to do with Alexander SOLZHENITSYN. Text published first in Russkaya mysl (Paris), 30 September & 10 October 1993. ========================================================== Top Secret Single Copy (Draft Minutes) MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO 7 January 1974 chaired by Comrade L.I. BREZHNEV Comrades in attendance: Yu.V. Andropov, A.A.Gromyko, A.N. Kosygin, Podgorny, Kirilenko, M.A. Suslov, D.F. … Continue reading 7 January 1974* (Pb) Solzhenitsyn

28 July 1971* (St 123/30) Foreign Communists

Secretariat decision. Terms for inviting "communist, workers’ and national democratic" party officials to the USSR in 1971: organization of their accommodation, healthcare and other related expenditure (2 pp). [R 28 July 1971 – St 123-30] =========================================================== [page one of two] Workers of all lands, unite! COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION, CENTRAL COMMITTEE Top secret … Continue reading 28 July 1971* (St 123/30) Foreign Communists

27 July 1988* (1541-K) Rights activists

KGB to the Central Committee: About intentions of anti-Soviet elements to hold an international seminar on "The KGB and Perestroika" in Moscow (2 pp). [R 27 Jul 88, 1541-K] =========================================================== [page one of two] Top Secret 27 July 1988, No 1541-K To the CPSU Central Committee The intention of anti-social elements to hold an international … Continue reading 27 July 1988* (1541-K) Rights activists

15 October 1975* [KGB note] Sakharov

KGB on its actions to discredit the decision of the Nobel Prize Committee to award the Peace Prize to SAKHAROV (4 pp). [R 15 October 1975] Excerpt. ============================================================ [page one of four] Secret 16 May 1975, No. 1218-A Moscow To the CPSU Central Committee  Measures to discredit the decision of the Nobel Committee to award … Continue reading 15 October 1975* [KGB note] Sakharov

15 January 1971* (St 119/11) Samizdat

Secretariat decision. Consider KGB analysis of changes in samizdat literature and make proposals to deal with the phenomenon (total 5 pp). Includes KGB report dated 21 December 1970 (3461-A) on the shift from literary works to political publications, pp 2-5. [R 15 January 1971, St 119-11] ========================================================== [page one of five] Workers of all Lands, … Continue reading 15 January 1971* (St 119/11) Samizdat

19 December 1957* [KGB] Landau

KGB report. Physicist Lev LANDAU’s admiration for the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and his comments about Bolshevik fascism (17 pp). [R 19 December 1957] Excerpt. =========================================================== Identifying the rebels with the Hungarian nation and working class, he characterised the events in Hungary as ‘the Hungarian Revolution’, a ‘very good, joyful event’ in which ‘the warrior-nation was … Continue reading 19 December 1957* [KGB] Landau

17 July 1979* (St 167/18) Coppola

Secretariat gives go-ahead for talks with director Francis Ford COPPOLA about making a joint Soviet-American feature film about disarmament. Includes 12 July memorandum from Culture and International Departments (p. 3), and letter from head of Goskino (pp. 4-5). [R 17 July 1979, St 167-18], total 5 pp. =========================================================== [page one of five] Workers of all … Continue reading 17 July 1979* (St 167/18) Coppola

16 May 1975* (1218-A/ov) Haddad

KGB report. ANDROPOV to BREZHNEV on transfer of arms to "trusted KGB intelligence agent W. HADDAD", head of PFLP-EO -- People's Liberation Front of Palestine-External Operations. [R 16 May 1975, 1218-A-ov] ============================================================ [one page] Special Importance Special File USSR Committee of State Security [KGB] of the USSR Council of Ministers 16 May 1975, No. 1218-A/ov … Continue reading 16 May 1975* (1218-A/ov) Haddad

10 June 1968* (1342-A) Crimean Tatars

Intentions of Crimean Tatars to appeal to the United Nations. A clandestine report passed on to the Central Committee by the KGB concerning Pyotr GRIGORENKO's remarks. [R 10 June 1968, 1342-A] ============================================================= [one page] USSR Committee for State Security [KGB] of the USSR Council of Ministers 10 June 1968, No. 1342-A Moscow SECRET To the … Continue reading 10 June 1968* (1342-A) Crimean Tatars

18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

Instructions to Anatoly DOBRYNIN, Soviet ambassador to the USA, concerning a discussion with Secretary of State Cyrus VANCE about human rights. [R 18 February 1977, Pb 46-X] total 7 pp (excerpt). ================================== Proletariats of the World unite! COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION. THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE Top Secret No P46/X To: comrades Brezhnev, Podgomy, Kosygin, … Continue reading 18 February 1977* (Pb 46/X) Cyrus Vance

Support the Nicaraguan Resistance (1985)

New York Times, 18 April 1985 (display advertisement) An Urgent Message from Europeans to Congress: Support the Nicaraguan Resistance Democracy itself is at stake in Nicaragua. After four years of dictatorship, the FSLN, the totalitarian ruling party, has not succeeded in breaking the resistance of the Nicaraguan people. After the relative liberalization represented by the … Continue reading Support the Nicaraguan Resistance (1985)

Chernyaev diary (3 January 1976)

A brief passage from Anatoly CHERNYAEV's unpublished "Diary", in which he responds to a report to the Central Committee by ANDROPOV (29 December 1975*, 3213-A) about the statements of foreign communist parties concerning "political prisoners" in the USSR (NSA, document and translation). ==================================== 3 January 1976 From interesting things at the Central Committee, in the … Continue reading Chernyaev diary (3 January 1976)

22 June 1978* (Pb) Shcharansky

Yury Andropov briefs Politburo on forthcoming trial of Anatoly SHCHARANSKY, arrested in mid-March the previous year. (MHG 30th anniversary) total 2 pp. ======================================= V-118 Top secret The only copy Working paper SESSION OF THE POLITBURO OF THE CC CPSU June 22, 1978 Chaired by Comrade Brezhnev, L.I. In attendance: Comrades Andropov, U.V.; Grishin, V.V.; Gromyko, … Continue reading 22 June 1978* (Pb) Shcharansky

5 January 1977* (22-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB memorandum. Measures to stop the proliferation of anti-Soviet activities by the "Helsinki Watch Committee in USSR", and its sub-committees set up in Ukraine and Lithuania. [R 5 January 1977, 22-A] total 2 pp. ================================================= Top Secret CC CPSU About measures to end the hostile activity Of members of the so-called “Group For Assistance in … Continue reading 5 January 1977* (22-A) Helsinki Groups

15 November 1976* (2577-A) Helsinki Groups

KGB report. About the anti-Soviet activities of the so-called Helsinki Groups in USSR, and measures to counter their activities. [R 15 November 1976, 2577-A] total 3 pp. ============================================ [page one of three] Secret USSR COMMITTEE For State Security At the USSR Council of Ministers 15 November 1976 No. 2577-A Moscow To CPSU Central Committee About … Continue reading 15 November 1976* (2577-A) Helsinki Groups

Punitive Psychiatry (1977)

Foreword to Bloch and Reddaway, Russia’s political hospitals (1977) The peculiar features of the Soviet political system, the Communist ideology, the uncertainties and difficulties of the science of psychiatry, the labyrinths of the human conscience – all these have weirdly woven themselves together to create a monstrous phenomenon, the use of medicine against man. Paradoxical … Continue reading Punitive Psychiatry (1977)

6 February 1990* (St 10/1) Soviet Red Cross

Secretariat. Subsidies from the Soviet Red Cross for Moscow-based correspondents of Party and "fraternal" newspapers in capitalist and developing countries  (4 pp). [R 6 Nov 90, St 10-1] total 4 pp (excerpt). ======================================================== The “living expenses” of Moscow-based correspondents for these fraternal publications also formed part of the bill. From the late 1950s, to disguise … Continue reading 6 February 1990* (St 10/1) Soviet Red Cross

31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

Stalin’s written permission for the Krasnoyarsk Region (Siberia) to carry out several thousand additional “1st category arrests” (executions). The instruction was written in pencil on a small, plain slip of paper.  [R 31 December 1938] ============================================================= Permit Krasnoyarsk Region 6,600 additional ‘1st category’ arrests. For Stalin, I.V. ============================================================= NOTES General 1. Notes and additions by … Continue reading 31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

6 January 1981* (St 244/11) Peace Forum

Secretariat. About participation of Soviet delegation in the International Youth Peace Forum in Helsinki; file includes 2 February report on the results. [R 6 January 1981, St 244-11] total 18 pp (excerpts). ======================================================================== [pages nine to eleven, request from B. Pastukhov, Secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee] Workers of all Lands, Unite! All-Union Leninist Communist … Continue reading 6 January 1981* (St 244/11) Peace Forum