31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

Dealing with “Anti-Soviet Elements”. Politburo accepts NKVD request to increase quotas for 1st category arrests (executions) and 2nd category arrests in 22 Republics and Regions across the USSR. [R 31 January 1938, Pb 57-48] total 2 pp. ============================================================ [page one of two] Return within 24 hours to the Central Committee Special Sector STRICTLY SECRET (From Special … Continue reading 31 January 1938* (Pb 57/48) Great Terror

31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

Stalin’s written permission for the Krasnoyarsk Region (Siberia) to carry out several thousand additional “1st category arrests” (executions). The instruction was written in pencil on a small, plain slip of paper.  [R 31 December 1938] ============================================================= Permit Krasnoyarsk Region 6,600 additional ‘1st category’ arrests. For Stalin, I.V. ============================================================= NOTES General 1. Notes and additions by … Continue reading 31 December 1938* [Stalin] Great Terror

19 December 1957** (KGB) Landau

KGB report. ACADEMICIAN LEV LANDAU’s admiration for the Hungarian insurgents and comments about Bolshevik fascism (17 pp). [R 19 December 1957] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Top Secret, copy #2 CPSU, Central Committee To Comrade KIRILLIN V. A., personally December 20, 1957 At your request, sending the Academy member L.D. Landau's file ATTACHMENT: 16 sheets. Chairman of the KGB … Continue reading 19 December 1957** (KGB) Landau

4 October 1956**, St 1061

Secretariat. Creation of the “Mill”, a fake border post in the Far East used from 1941 to 1949 to test the loyalty of individuals, who were then arrested and imprisoned; many were shot (8 pp). [R 4 October 1956, St 1061] ============================================================== [page one of eight] Top Secret To be returned, after the meeting of … Continue reading 4 October 1956**, St 1061

3 September 1953** (no number)

Secretariat. Creation at Ministry of Internal Affairs of Special Division No.12 for “special assignments” (diversion, sabotage, assassination) abroad. Structure, functions, etc of Special Division (7 pp). [R 3 September 1953] ============================================================   [page one of seven] Top Secret Special File CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION RESOLUTION On the institution of … Continue reading 3 September 1953** (no number)

31 October 1941* (no number)

Report to NKVD chief Beria. The activities of a special NKVD division at front, from 22 June until 19 October 1941: 657,364 arrested, majority sent back in penal batallions; 25,878 detained, over 10,000 shot. [R 31 October 1941] total 3 pp. =========================================================== [page one of three] Top Secret Attention: People's Commissar of Internal Affairs, Commissar … Continue reading 31 October 1941* (no number)

31 October 1937* (no number)

Letter from A. Frenkel (Kuibyshev) to NKVD chief Yezhov: malfunctioning of special troika, unburied bodies of "Enemies of the People", and poor safety measures during interrogation. [R 31 October 1937] =========================================================== [page one of two] Comrade Yezhov! I consider it my duty to advise you of the following facts that have been made known to the … Continue reading 31 October 1937* (no number)

16 November 1972* (Pb 67/XVIII) Warnings

Politburo decision. Responding to a jointly signed request from the KGB and Procurator-General RUDENKO (11 October 1972, 2594-А,  pp. 4-5) the Party leaders approve a secret decree (p. 2) about special KGB “cautions” to those engaged in “politically harmful” behaviour. [R 16 November 1972, Pb 67-XVIII] total 5 pp. ========================================================== [page one of five] Workers … Continue reading 16 November 1972* (Pb 67/XVIII) Warnings

12 June 1970*, 1610-A

KGB about arrests of members of an anti-Soviet youth organization in Sverdlovsk (2 pp). [R 12 June 1970, 1610-A] Excerpt. =========================================================== [page one of two] [added Top] Secret USSR Committee for State Security [KGB] of the USSR Council of Ministers 12 June 1970 No. 1610-A Moscow To the CPSU Central Committee The KGB for the … Continue reading 12 June 1970*, 1610-A

19 December 1957* [KGB] Landau

KGB report. Physicist Lev LANDAU’s admiration for the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and his comments about Bolshevik fascism (17 pp). [R 19 December 1957] Excerpt. =========================================================== Identifying the rebels with the Hungarian nation and working class, he characterised the events in Hungary as ‘the Hungarian Revolution’, a ‘very good, joyful event’ in which ‘the warrior-nation was … Continue reading 19 December 1957* [KGB] Landau

25 December 1962*, 3265-S

KGB report (Semichastny). Change in procedures for informing relatives about prisoners’ date of execution in the Stalin era (4 pp). [R 25 December 1962, 3265-S] ============================================================= [page one of four] Top Secret USSR Committee for State Security [KGB] of the USSR Council of Ministers 25 December 1962, No. 3265-S Moscow To the CPSU Central Committee … Continue reading 25 December 1962*, 3265-S

4 October 1956*, St 1061

Secretariat. Creation of the “Mill”, a fake border post in the Soviet Far East used from 1941 to 1949 to test the loyalty of individuals, who were then arrested and imprisoned; many were shot (9 pp). [R 4 October 1956, St 1061] Excerpt. ============================================================ [page one] Top Secret To be returned, after the meeting of … Continue reading 4 October 1956*, St 1061

A QUOTA FOR KILLINGS

The Stalin Years, 1929-1953 The Bukovsky Archives contain little on the Stalin era. The majority of files focus on the period when Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet Union's other long-serving leader (1964-1982), was in power. Yet Brezhnev, too, first came to prominence within the Party during Stalin's time. For over twenty years Stalin was ruler of … Continue reading A QUOTA FOR KILLINGS

17 February 1938* (Pb 58/57) Ukraine

NKVD in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic requests an increase of 30,000 people in Ukraine's quota for executions and arrests. Politburo agrees.   [R 17 February 1938, Pb 58-57] ============================================================ [page one of one] Workers of All Lands, Unite! STRICTLY SECRET (Special File) CENTRAL COMMITTEE of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks) Pb 58/57 17 February … Continue reading 17 February 1938* (Pb 58/57) Ukraine

4 February 1938* (No 95/III) Great Terror

Encrypted telegram to Stalin and Yezhov from Yuly Kaganovich: a request to increase the quota for executions and arrests in the Gorky Region and extend the deadline until 20 March. [R 4 February 1938, No 95-III] ============================================================= [page one of one]                                   TO BE RETURNED WITHIN 48 HOURS [Central Committee Politburo Resolution, 5 May … Continue reading 4 February 1938* (No 95/III) Great Terror