The Soviet Union and Afghanistan (CWIHP)

Documents from the Bulletins of the
the Cold War International History (CWIHP) Project

Compiled and republished November 2001 (79 pp.)

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/e-dossier_4.pdf

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BULLETIN 3 (Fall 1993)

Soviet Policy in Afghanistan, 1979: A Grim Assessment

12 April 1979 — Politburo, excerpt 149 from minutes, including 1 April 1979 report
by A. Gromyko, Yu. Andropov, D. Ustinov and B. Ponomarev [8-10]

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BULLETIN 4 (Fall 1994)

From Hesitation to Intervention

Soviet Decisions on Afghanistan, 1979  [12-13]

20 March 1979 – Record of Meeting of A.N. Kosygin, A.A. Gromyko,
D.F. Ustinov
and B.N. Ponomarev with N.M. Taraki [13-15]

20 March 1979 – Record of Brezhnev-Taraki conversation [15-16]

21 April 1979 – Soviet Helicopters to Afghanistan [16-17]

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BULLETIN 8/9 (Winter 1996/1997)

[Build-up to Invasion, and its immediate aftermath, 1979-1980;
attempts at withdrawal, 1983-1989]

1 February 1980 – Politburo Decision, with telegrams to Soviet Ambassador,
To West Germany (Willy Brandt) and Finnish Social Democratic leader Kalevi Sorsa (not printed) [20-23]

Concerning the situation in “A”:
New Russian Evidence on the Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan

Odd Arne Westad [24-27]

31 May 1978 – Political Letter to USSR Foreign Ministry from A. Puzanov,
Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan “About the Domestic Political Situation in the DRA” (notes) [28]

18 June 1978 – Record of Conversation,
Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki [29]

18 July 1978 – Record of Conversation between
Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki [29]

13 October 1978 – Information from CPSU Central Committee
to East German leader Erich Honecker [29-31]

1979

January to March

7 January 1979 – Politburo Decision on Afghanistan [31]

17-19 March 1979 – Transcript of Politburo Discussions on Afghanistan [31-40]

18 March 1979 – Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan [40]

17 or 18 March 1979 – Transcript of telephone conversation between Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin and Afghan Prime Minister Nur Mohammed Taraki [40-41]

20 March 1979 – Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov and Ponomarev
with Taraki in Moscow [41-45]

22 March 1979 – Transcript of Politburo Session on Afghanistan [45-46]

22 March 1979 – Record of conversation
between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki [46]

April to June

14 April 1979 – Report of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group in Afghanistan Lt. Gen. L.N. Gorelov with H. Amin (excerpt) [46]

24 May 1979 – Politburo Decision
and Instruction to Soviet Ambassador in Afghanistan [47]

9 June 1979 – Record of Conversation
between Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki [47]

28 June 1979 – Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report
to Central Committee  on the Situation in Afghanistan [47-48]

July to September

10 July 1979 – Record of Conversation
between Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki [48]

19-20 July 1979 – Boris Ponomarev, Reports from Kabul (excerpts)

21 July 1979 – Record of Conversation between
Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and H. Amin [48]

11 August 1979 – Conversation of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group in Afghanistan Lt. Gen. Gorelov with H. Amin [48-49]

25 August 1979 – Report from Soviet Deputy Defence Minister
Army Gen. Ivan Pavlovsky during visit to Afghanistan [49]

13 September 1979 – Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan (excerpts) [49]

15 September 1979 – Politburo Decision
with report by Gromyko, Ustinov and Tsvigun [49-50]

15 September 1979 – Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko
to Soviet Representatives in Kabul [50]

16 September 1979 – Information from CPSU Central Committee
to East German leader E. Honecker [50]

20 September 1979 – Excerpt from transcript, Politburo meeting [51]

27 September 1979 – Excerpt from transcript, Meeting of Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko and Afghan Foreign Minister Shah-Valih, New York (excerpt) [51]

October to December

1 October 1979 – Information from the CPSU Central Committee
to East German leader Honecker [51]

4 October 1979 – Transcript of Brezhnev-Honecker summit in East Berlin
(excerpt about  Iran and Afghanistan) [51-52]

10 October 1979 – Information of KGB USSR to
Central Committee International Department [52]

29 October 1979 – Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report
to Central Committee [52-53]

3 November 1979 – Record of Conversation
Between Soviet Ambassador Puzanov and Amin [53]

5 November 1979 – Soviet Defence Minister Ustinov, Report to Central Committee on Mission to Afghanistan of Deputy Defence Minister, Army-Gen. I. G. Pavlovsky [53]

[December 1979, Invasion]

6 December 1979 – Record of Conversation between
Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan F.A. Tabeyev and H. Amin [54]

6 December 1979 – Extract from Politburo Decision

[early December 1979] – Personal memorandum, Andropov to Brezhnev, n.d. [54]

31 December 1979 – Andropov-Gromyko-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report
on Events in Afghanistan on 27-28 December 1979 [55-56]

1980

January to March

4 January 1980 – Meeting of Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko
and Afghan Foreign Minister Shad Mohammad Dost [56-57]

17 January 1980 – Politburo transcript (excerpt) [57-58]

17 January 1980 – Politburo decision [58]

28 January 1980 – Politburo Decision,
with 27 January 1980 report by Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev [58-60]

5 February 1980 – Andropov Report to CPSU CC on Talks with Afghan Leaders [60]

7 February 1980 – Politburo transcript (excerpt) [60-61]

7 February 1980 – Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan [61-62]

10 March 1980 – Politburo Decision on Soviet Policy on Afghanistan,
with report on proposal by Fidel Castro to mediate between Afghanistan and Pakistan and approved letter from L.I. Brezhnev to Fidel Castro [62-65]

April to June

10 April 1980 – Politburo Decision on Afghanistan,
with report by Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Zagladin, 7 April 1980 [65-67]

8 May 1980 – Politburo Decision, with Politburo Commission Report 6 May 1980,
and Approved Cable to Soviet Ambassador in Kabul [67-69]

19 June 1980 – Politburo decisions [69]

21 June 1980 – Information from the CPSU Central Committee
to Erich Honecker [69-70]

23 June 1980 – CPSU Central Committee Plenum (excerpt) [70-71]

July & October

18 July 1980 – Information from the CPSU Central Committee
to Erich Honecker [71]

2 October 1980 – Report by Soviet Defence Minister Ustinov
to CPSU Central Committee on “Foreign Interference” in Afghanistan [71-72]

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1983-1989

Attempts to Withdraw

10 March 1983 – Politburo transcript (excerpt) [72-73]

20 March 1986 – Politburo Transcript (excerpt) [73]

13 November 1986 – Politburo transcript (excerpt) [73-74]

24 January 1989 – Politburo Decision,
with attached report of 23 January 1989 [75-79]

13 May 1989 – Politburo Decision,
with report by Zaikov-Shevardnadze-Yazov-Kryuchkov [79]