Politburo meeting. KGB head Chebrikov gives an account that confuses political prisoners with those committing other “serious crimes”, proposing to release between a third and a half of the political prisoners on condition they agree to discontinue their previous activities (3 pp). [R 25 Sep 86, Pb]
[page one of three]
MEETING OF CPSU POLITBURO
25 September 1986
In the chair
Comrade M.S. GORBACHEV
Comrades G.A. Aliyev, V.I. Vorotnikov, A.A.Gromyko, L.N. Zaikov,
D.A. Kunayev, Ye.K. Ligachev, V.M. Chebrikov, Shcherbitsky, Dolgikh,
B.N. Yeltsin, Solovyov, Talyzin, Biryukova, Dobrynin, Zimyanin, Nikonov,Razumovsky, Yakovlev, Kapitonov
- Conclusions from Comrade M.S. Gorbachev’s visit to the Krasnodar and Stavropol Regions
[page two] 48.
GORBACHEV. I have asked Victor Mikhailovich [Chebrikov] to say what kind of people are serving sentences in our country for crimes that Western propaganda classifies as political.
CHEBRIKOV. According to our legislation these are especially serious State crimes. In total 240 individuals have been prosecuted and are now serving sentences for committing these types of crime. These are people convicted of espionage, crossing the State frontier, distributing hostile leaflets, dealing in hard currency, and so on. Many of them have declared that they will no longer pursue their hostile activities. They link their declarations to the political changes following the April  Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee and the 27th Party Congress [25 February-6 March 1986].
It would seem that we could at first release one third and then a half of these people. In that case only those who continue to adopt hostile positions towards our State would be imprisoned.
GORBACHEV. It would seem that this suggestion could be supported.
CHEBRIKOV. We shall proceed in a sensible fashion. To be sure that these individuals do not continue to engage in hostile activities, they will be kept under surveillance.
SHCHERBITSKY. How can it be explained that comparatively few people are being prosecuted for especially grave State crimes. Is it due to perestroika?
CHEBRIKOV. It is explained by the stress that the KGB lays on its prophylactic work. Many individuals are discovered, if one can put it this way, on the brink of committing a criminal act. To influence them the capability of the KGB and of the public are used.
[page three] 49.
GROMYKO. Which crimes are the most dangerous and what is the punishment for them?
CHEBRIKOV. Espionage. It is punished by execution or 15 years imprisonment. Polishchuk was executed for espionage. Yesterday Tolkachev was executed [for the same crime].
GORBACHEV. American intelligence paid him very generously. He was found in possession of two million roubles.
CHEBRIKOV. That agent provided the Adversary with very important military secrets.
GORBACHEV. Let us agree that we approve, in principle, the suggestions made by Comrade Chebrikov. Let the KGB put forward proposals in the established manner.
POLITBURO members. Agreed.
[signed] A. Lukyanov
1. Notes by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. text written by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document this is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, John Crowfoot