31 October 1975*, 2743-A

KGB report. The results of preventative and prophylactic work by the KGB since 1959, reducing the need for imprisonment, even for the most serious crimes. Statistical information for 1959-1974 on p. 2. [R 31 October 1975, Volkogonov] total 2 pp.

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[page one of two]

Top Secret
Special Folder

Committee for State Security [KGB]
at the USSR Council of Ministers
31 October 1975
No. 2743-A
Moscow

CPSU Central Committee

About Some Results of the Preventative-Prophylactic Work
of the State Security Organs

In accordance with the decisions of the 24th Party Congress [30 March-9 April 1971] and the instructions of the CPSU Central Committee, the organs of State Security have recently stepped up their preventative-prophylactic work for preventing crimes against the State and are trying to achieve a better combination of criminal legal and prophylactic measures.

Comparison between the two periods (1959-1966 and 1967-1974) shows that the number of persons subjected to criminal punishment has fallen almost by half, from 8,664 to 4,879. In the case of certain especially serious crimes against the State this number fell even more significantly: from 1,467 to 773 (by half) for Treason; and from 2,103 to 729 (almost by two-thirds) for anti-Soviet Agitation and Propaganda.

The factors influencing the decrease in the numbers of crimes against the State in the recent years are the following: the further strengthening of the moral and political unity of our State, the growth of political awareness of the Soviet people, the correct punishment policy of the Soviet State, and the dominant role of preventative and prophylactic work to prevent crimes.

The ratio of persons subjected to criminal repression to persons subjected to prophylactic treatment by the KGB organs in the period 1967-1974 was 1:25, and in the category of especially grave crimes against the State (such as anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda) it was 1:96.

The Committee for State Security is taking measures to further improve preventive-prophylactic work and increase its effectiveness.

Details about those subjected to criminal punishment and those subjected to prophylactic treatment during the period 1959-1974 are attached.

Attachment: based on the text on page 1, No. 6/4780 of 29 October 1975

Chairman of the Committee for State Security
[Signature] ANDROPOV

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[page two]

DETAILS

Numbers subjected to criminal punishment and prophylactic treatment
by the KGB organs in 1959-1974

1959-62 1963-66 1967-70 1971-74
CRIMINAL PUNISHMENT (Total) 5,413 3,251 2,456 2,423
Of which
Treason 1,010 457 423 350
Espionage 28 8 10 9
Anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda 1,601 502 381 348
Contraband 47 103 183 474
Violation of currency regulations 587 474 382 401
Illegal crossing of the USSR border 926 613 704 553
Revealing State Secrets and loss of documents containing State Secrets 22 31 19 18
Other crimes 1,003 1,011 328 258
PROPHYLACTIC TREATMENT (Total) No centralized
Statistics kept
58,298 63,108
Of which
suspicious ties with foreigners and harbouring treasonous intentions 5,039 6,310
Manifesting politically harmful views 35,316 34,700
Prophylactic treatment with
participation of the public
(total)
23,611 27,079
Of which
at general meetings of workers and service personnel, in peer courts, etc. 10,624 11,863
in the form of conversations with participation of public representatives 12,987 15,243
Official warning issued
[see 1972 unpublished decree]
981

(1973-74)

those previously subject to prophylactic treatment, now subjected to criminal punishment 100 50

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Source

U.S. Library of Congress, Manuscript Division,
Dmitrii A. Volkogonov Papers, Reel 18, Container 28

Translated by Svetlana Savranskaya For the National Security Archive, tr. 2 (doc. 8).

NOTE (ed.)
In 1972, at the formal request of Andropov and Procurator General Rudenko, an unpublished decree was passed (16 November 1972*, Pb 67/xviii), introducing the non-custodial warning as an additional measure to be used against offenders. This was aimed at members of the public at large.
Those belonging to the Communist Party were already subject to warnings and reprimands of varying severity before the ultimate sanction of expulsion from the Party was imposed (see CCE 2.1, 30 June 1968).
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
JC

About editors (JC)

translator, researcher, editor
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