A Note on Sources

The archival documents on which much of this book is based were photocopied and taken out of Russia in the early 1990s. Some, partly through Bukovsky’s audacity/// in publicising them in the West, (those about Poland, for instance) have since been declassified. Certain others have been acquired by Western academic and research institutions.The majority, and especially those concerning internal repression in the USSR, are as ///inaccessible today as they were then.

Marked Secret (sekretno) or Top Secret (sovershenno sekretno), the documents cited in [b]Judgment in Moscow were often further classified, imposing additional restrictions on their accessibility within the highest echelons of the Party.

Typed or stamped on the page are the mounting levels of classification:

♦  Special File (osobaya papka)

♦  Of Particular Importance (osoboi vazhnosti)

♦  and Personal, Named Recipient Only, etc (lichno)


Please note the following:

  • Scanned versions of almost seven hundred of the original documents, brought to the West by Vladimir Bukovsky, are online at ///http://www.bukovsky-archive.net (BA).
  • The date, followed by the document’s reference number (P = Politburo and St = Secretariat; the suffixes –A = Andropov, and -K = Kryuchkov), has been systematically included throughout the text of this book.
  • Documents of different date but relating to a single issue have often been grouped together in the online archive: this is clearly indicated in the footnotes.
  • When a document has been fully translated into English and is available on the English-language version of the archive (URL ////) the year is followed by an asterisk (e.g. 28 April 1970*, 1128-A).
  • When a document has NOT so far been added to the online archive this is indicated by two ^^ after the reference number.


This book has been translated directly from a revised version of the Russian edition ([b]Moskovskii protsess[b]), published in Paris by Russkaya mysl in 1996.

Both versions were edited by the late Natalya Gorbanevskaya and publication was made possible by the Alexander Solzhenitsyn Foundation with the financial support by Ilya Roitman.